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Case Study: Association Between Sauna Bathing and Fatal Cardiovascular and All-Cause Mortality Events

Case Study: Association Between Sauna Bathing and Fatal Cardiovascular and All-Cause Mortality Events

Luxury products such as saunas, steam rooms and hot tubs have long been associated with providing the benefit of relaxation. These products are known to help calm the mind, provide deeper sleep and an overall feeling of peace, but there is also an increasing amount of research being conducted on what other benefits heat therapy might have on our bodies. Does regular use of a sauna or hot tub make us less likely to develop heart disease or have a heart attack? Could weekly heat therapy cause us to be healthier 10, 20 or even 30 years from now? These are the types of questions that new research is trying to answer.


Connection Between Sauna Bathing and Cardiovascular Events


Interest in the topic of heat therapy grew rapidly when the University of Eastern Finland released a 30 year study on the positive effects that sauna bathing had on fatal cardiovascular and all-cause mortality events. This study was significant because it found positive health trends relating to sauna use for more than just a couple of months – they truly saw how heat therapy affected men over the course of 3 decades. The study included 2,315 men between the ages of 42-60 that lived in Finland, with testing being conducted from 1984-2011. The results show that in this test population of middle-aged men, an increase in frequency of sauna bathing was associated with a reduced risk of sudden cardiac death, fatal coronary heart disease and fatal cardiovascular disease.

Read the full study on sauna bathing here: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2130724

While the results of this study cannot be directly applied to hot tub use, it is very interesting to see the positive effects that heat therapy had on the body. This study also inspired others to test similar effects on heart health with hot tub use. An 8-week clinical trial conducted by the University of Oregon concluded that hot water immersion (such as soaking in a hot tub) had widespread effects on vascular function and could prove to be a treatment option for improving cardiovascular health. Read our blog about it here. As always, please consult your personal care professional before using a hot tub or sauna for health reasons.

Overall, there are many reasons why having a luxury hot tub or sauna at home is appealing. From the hydrotherapy benefits to the calming capabilities, sitting and relaxing in heat therapy after a long day is very enjoyable. Seeing the positive benefits that a hot tub can have on your health is an added bonus to the already amazing experience of owning a personal spa.

*This article is not intended to treat or diagnose any individuals with cardiovascular conditions. The intent is to share research that is being conducted on the possible positive effects of soaking in hot water. We encourage you to speak with your own healthcare provider about what the best plan of action is for your particular needs.


Case Study: Improving Microvascular Function to Decrease Cardiovascular Risk

Case Study: Improving Microvascular Function to Decrease Cardiovascular Risk

Did you know that cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death in the United States? Cardiovascular diseases include all diseases that affect the heart or blood vessels. More specifically, about 655,000 Americans die from heart disease each year, equivalent to 1 in every 4 deaths. With these high statistics, we are desperately in need of tools to reduce cardiovascular risk.

The University of Oregon conducted an 8 week clinical trial on repeated hot water immersion to record various biomarkers of cardiovascular health in young, somewhat inactive but otherwise healthy individuals. The findings of their study show that heat therapy has positive effects equal to or greater than what is typically observed in healthy subjects with exercise training.

The findings of this study show that for those who do not have the physical ability to exercise in a way that has cardiovascular benefits, passive heat therapy could be an ideal alternative with similar outcomes in preventing cardiovascular risk. Below are some of the findings mentioned in the clinical trial.


Breaking down the study:


The majority of cardiovascular-related diseases are characterized by vascular dysfunction such as impaired endothelial-dependent dilation and arterial stiffening. By finding a way to create long-term improvements in these types of vascular functions, there could be a way to protect against future cardiovascular risk through similar methods.


Endothelium-dependent dilation


What makes the Endothelium important? This thin membrane is what lines the inside of the heart and blood vessels. It plays an important role in making sure that the proper amount of blood flows to our tissues and organs. The study found that passive heat therapy, such as soaking in a hot tub, resulted in increases in endothelium-dependent dilation.


Arterial Stiffness


Arterial stiffness is generalized as the thickening and stiffening of the arterial wall and is related to high blood pressure or hypertension. The study found that soaking in hot water provided reductions in arterial stiffness.


Blood Pressure


Blood pressure is the pressure of circulating blood against the walls of blood vessels. High blood pressure causes the heart and blood vessels to work harder and therefore less efficient. Over time, high blood pressure damages the tissues around the arteries and can ultimately lead to a heart attack or stroke. Common treatment plans for high blood pressure include exercise, however, exercise generally has little effect on blood pressure in young individuals. This study observed a significant decrease in resting blood pressure in the test group. Given that heat therapy lowered blood pressure in young individuals, it could become a powerful form of treatment for hypertension.


The results of this clinical trial show that heat therapy has widespread effects on vascular function and could be a possible treatment option for improving cardiovascular health in a variety of patient populations, especially those with limited exercise capabilities.


*This article is not intended to treat or diagnose any individuals with cardiovascular conditions. The intent is to share research that is being conducted on the possible positive effects of soaking in hot water. We encourage you to speak with your own healthcare provider about what the best plan of action is for your particular needs.


Learn more about the study from the University of Oregon here: https://physoc.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1113/JP272453





Hot Tub Meditation

Hot Tub Meditation

What is Meditation?

According to Verywell Mind, “Meditation can be defined as a set of techniques that are intended to encourage a heightened state of awareness and focused attention. Meditation is also a consciousness-changing technique that has been shown to have a wide number of benefits on psychological well-being.”


Benefits of Meditation

Practicing meditation regularly has a variety of benefits such as reducing stress levels, providing a way to cope with anxiety, improving mental focus, lengthening your attention span, improving your sleep patterns and even improving your physical health. Many of these benefits overlap with the benefits received from using a spa regularly and overall lead you towards a healthier and happier lifestyle.

One of the most important pieces of meditation is feeling comfortable and relaxed. Your personal hot tub is likely already a comforting place for you. For most people, their hot tub is already an escape from the craziness of everyday life and a place where they can let themselves relax. This quiet and peaceful environment is the perfect place to begin a meditation journey.

Meditating does not have to take up too much of your time. In fact, choosing to meditate for just a couple of minutes in your hot tub is the perfect place to start.


Getting Started

In the beginning, keep your jets turned off. The idea is to clear and relax the mind.  The less distractions, the better. Once you start feeling comfortable with your meditation practice, you can turn on the jets and play some soft music. Take care in choosing how you sit during your meditation. Sit in a position where your spine is straight, your chin is gently tilted down, and you feel comfortable and relaxed.

As you begin, close your eyes and relax completely. Take this time just to focus on your breathing. You can even count each breath – Breathe in, breathe out, “one,” Breathe in, breathe out, “two.” Repeat this until you get to ten, and then start back at one. Your mind might wander and that is okay. It is natural for the mind to find new things to focus on, but rather than worrying about the future or fixating on the past, just bring your attention back to your breathing. Breathe in, breathe out, “one.”

Another meditation technique is to do a scan of your body as your settle into your breathing. Start at your toes and mentally take note of how they are feeling. Continue this all the way up to your head. If you find an area that is particularly uncomfortable, tense, or painful, make a mental note of it and move on. The idea of this is not to focus on discomfort, but rather to bring awareness to yourself. Practice directing the breath to any areas of tension and allow your breathing to ease any stress in the body.

Don’t be too hard on yourself as you begin your meditation journey. To begin, just set aside 3 minutes of your time in the hot tub to dedicate towards meditating. As you feel comfortable, you can continue lengthening the time. Please remember that if you have your spa set at a high temperature, it is suggested that you do not stay in it for more than 15 minutes. Turn your temperature down if you plan on spending an extended amount of time in your spa.

Another option would be to listen to a guided meditation in your spa through your Bluetooth speakers. These are many free options and apps that you can use to pick a meditation within a variety of topics. Get everything in order and then climb into your hot tub and relax.


In conclusion, practicing meditation is a great activity to add into your daily practices. Meditating while relaxing in your personal spa is an amazing way to take care of yourself, reduce stress levels and improve your mental focus.






The Importance of Rest

The Importance of Rest

We live in a busy world that doesn’t always encourage rest and relaxation. As a result, many people are not making time for the rest that their bodies need and often feel guilty if they are not filling their free time with productive activities. There is always more work to do, something that needs to be cleaned, or a TV show that we have been wanting to watch. We end up filling our day from morning to night and never truly taking time for our bodies to relax.

Rest is necessary for our bodies and minds to perform at optimum levels and goes beyond just getting a good night of sleep. Taking intentional time away from work, stress, and the bright lights of your TV, computer or phone can lead to a healthier and more balanced life. Here are some benefits that allowing your body time to rest can have on your health:

Faster Muscle Recovery

According to an article written in Healthline, when your body is at rest, it uses its energy to help the tissues in your muscles heal and grow, resulting in stronger muscles. Rest also allows your body to replenish glycogen, which is a form of carbohydrates used to fuel a workout. Without resting and allowing your body to recover, you will feel extra muscle fatigue and soreness. This is why many workout routines include a rest day. Your body will not perform at its best if it is constantly pushing itself. It needs ample time to recover.


Have you ever spent twice as long completing something because your thought process was lagging? If you don’t let your mind and body rest, you may have trouble keeping up with your daily routine. Research suggests that overworking can lead to stress and poor performance whereas resting can lead to increased levels of creative and innovative thinking while working. Whether you are spending your energy physically working or challenging your mind, you will find that resting allows you to perform better and be more productive.

Happier Attitude 

Many will say that an angry toddler is likely in need of a nap. The same thing may be true for adults after a tiring day. According to a study by Daniel Kahneman and Alan B. Krueger, “sleep quality was the single most influential factor in rating daily mood.” When you are well-rested you are more likely to be able to see things from a different perspective.

Family Time 

In today’s world, it can be hard to escape technology that is everywhere around us. Many believe that they are “resting” while on their phones, sitting on a couch while the TV plays in the background. Unfortunately, this is not as beneficial as many would hope. Looking at blue lights from our screens all day makes it harder to fall asleep at night and TV shows and news feeds can bring us overwhelming amounts of mental stimulation. Intentionally taking time to unwind without those distractions around is more beneficial to your health.

A hot tub could be the perfect way for you and your family to engage in relaxing moments together. Soaking in soothing water with the jets running will help your mind and body unwind, leading to better sleep and less stress. Hot tubs are also a way for your family to interact without the distraction of phones. Enjoy a night in your own backyard oasis and let the worries of the day disappear.

Allowing yourself to rest is not laziness. It could very well be the key to a healthier and well-rounded life for you. Whether you choose to relax in your home, take a small nap mid-day, relax in a spa or a bathtub, your body will thank you for taking the time to refocus and recharge.







The Value of a Wellness Routine

The Value of a Wellness Routine

Taking care of yourself should be a top priority but the stress of everyday life can cause us to lose track of our health goals and settle into habits that are hard to break. Forming a wellness routine can be the key to living a healthier lifestyle and the good news is – it is much easier than many people think!

You probably already have a morning and evening routine set in place even if you don’t realize it. The way you make your coffee, the time you leave for work, the time you feed the dog or have the kids brush their teeth are all examples of activities that probably happen around the same time each day. A wellness routine is built off of activities like the ones listed above, however, it is much more than just repeating actions.


What is a Wellness Routine?

A wellness routine is a way of prioritizing things in your life with the goal of living a healthier lifestyle. Many people have health goals but a wellness routine involves looking at every part of your day and transforming it into a naturally healthier life over time.


What are the Benefits?

A wellness routine can provide many benefits depending on what you choose to prioritize. You may place value on spending more time with family into your day and see your relationships grow as a result. Or maybe you intentionally allocate time to go grocery shopping so you are able to cook healthier meals at home. The benefits that you see will come from how you structure your time. If your goal is to exercise more often, try blocking off time in your calendar like you would for a dentist appointment or meeting. Some gyms even allow you to book classes online and then charge a cancellation fee if you don’t end up attending. Having something in your schedule makes you more likely to follow through.

You might be asking yourself, why do I need to make a routine? A study done by Tel Aviv University states that “repetitive routines are calming and help reduce anxiety. They’ll also help you take control of your day and subsequently, your life.” Every time you make a decision, you are making an energetic output. Save your energy for decisions that will create the most value in your life and stop worrying about when you will get all of the little things done. By scheduling out your day, you will find that you have much more time to accomplish your goals and therefore have plenty of time to relax and unwind before bed.


How do I start?

It can be overwhelming to think about where to begin, so just start by writing out the things that must be done every day and choose a time to complete those tasks. Setting a daily routine will allow you to incorporate more things into your day and will help you from stressing over the seemingly never-ending to-do list.

Once you have your daily tasks written down, start a new list with what your overall health goals are. These could include anything from: getting more sleep , staying hydrated, spending time each day journaling, or having more time for family. Once you have these narrowed down, slowly start incorporating these items into your routine.

A wellness routine has to be realistic so plan to make these incremental changes into your life over time. For example, if you want to start waking up earlier in the morning and going to bed sooner, make the change by adjusting your alarm clock in increments of 5 minutes over multiple days. Making small changes over time will make it easier for your body to naturally adapt to your new routine. If you are wanting to exercise more often, plan what times you will exercise that week and put it on your schedule. You might start with a 15-minute walk around the neighborhood twice a week, but over time that can turn into a 30-minute jog every day. It takes time to build up your motivation and see yourself making improvements.


Don’t be discouraged if you make some mistakes along the way. You might sleep through your new alarm or decide to ditch your healthy dinner at home to grab take-out and that is okay. The overall goal is not to restrict your life completely but to lead to a life that is naturally supporting your health and wellness plans.







Hot Water Immersion

Hot Water Immersion

Island Spa Hot Tub

Water not only makes up three-quarters of our body composition but is also essential to our overall health. Numerous studies have shown that soaking in warm or hot water can be extremely beneficial to both the body and the mind. Here are several ways you can benefit from soaking in hot water, as supported by a growing body of scientific research:


When we immerse ourselves in hot water, we increase blood circulation in the body. Higher blood flow allows our cells to heal and regenerate at faster speeds.

Muscle Pain Relief

As blood circulation increases, pain-causing chemicals that are built up in the tissues of the body are released. This helps muscle pain to dissipate quicker. Water’s natural buoyancy is also helpful in relieving pressure in the muscles.

Joint Pain Relief

The buoyancy of water acts as a buffer against the effects of gravity on an injured point of the body. Those who suffer from chronic arthritic pain or sports-related injuries can use warm water immersion to restore and preserve joint strength and flexibility. Just one soak can relieve muscle soreness by quickly dispersing lactic acid in areas of stress.

Lower Blood Pressure

As you immerse yourself in hot water, the body’s first reaction is to try and stabilize your temperature by pumping the heart faster to bring additional blood to the surface where it would normally disperse heat into the air. This increased blood flow means an increased supply of oxygen, antibodies and white blood cells pumping through your body; all important to promoting revitalization of the cells. This initial reaction causes an increase in blood pressure, but because the warmth quickly causes the blood vessels to dilate, the resistance on the heart is lessened, resulting in lower blood pressure.

Cardiovascular Health

Hot water encourages the heart to work faster and more efficiently, similar to how it benefits from exercise. Soaking in warm water increases your heart rate and lowers blood pressure and can be beneficial for improving overall heart muscle efficiency.

Improved Mental Health

Hot water immersion is a safe way to unwind, reduce anxiety, and cope more effectively with the challenges of daily life. Immersing yourself in warm water reduces the hormones related to stress, and causes physical changes to your body resulting in relaxation and reduced levels of anxiety. By regularly soaking in warm water, it’s possible to reduce the effects of stress and improve your overall mental health.

The effects of hot water immersion are highly beneficial, and isn’t a complicated process to follow. It’s as simple as turning on your hot tub and jumping right in. Start improving your overall health and well-being today by treating yourself to a nice, warm soak.


This general information is not intended to diagnose or treat any medical condition or to replace your healthcare professional.




How To: Create a Backyard Oasis

How To: Create a Backyard Oasis

Do you have an outdoor space that you just aren’t sure how to fill or decorate? Outdoor spaces provide the perfect opportunity to create a personal retreat right in the comfort of your own home. After a particularly stressful day, a backyard oasis can become a vital part of your self-care routine. You can turn an empty, bare space into a lush, tropical paradise providing all the therapeutic benefits of nature and the outdoors just steps away from your back door. Having this kind of space also presents the perfect backdrop to host intimate group gatherings or parties.

Here are some tips for creating a backyard oasis:



Lighting is an important factor to consider as it enhances the aesthetic appeal and creates the mood and ambiance of a living space. The right lighting creates a safe and comfortable environment besides adding style to the overall décor. If you are hoping to create a warm and relaxing look, consider incorporating lanterns and candles. If your space will be dedicated to hosting friends and events often, consider using fun features like outdoor string lights or bright LED’s.


Filling your oasis with trees, shrubs, and plants adds serious curb appeal and character to your oasis. It’s also one of the best ways to combat climate change. Whether it’s a small orchid or a large tree, plants have the ability to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere through photosynthesis. Who doesn’t want cleaner air to breathe? For those who live in tight quarters, plants can also be used to add and provide privacy. Smaller plants like succulents can be used to add beautiful touches to the overall ambiance. Don’t worry if you don’t have a green thumb – faux plants can be an effective, low maintenance alternative.

Special Touches

Consider adding a focal point to the space for you and your guests to gather around and enjoy each other’s company. This could be as simple as an outdoor table that can also be used to set food on or play games around. You could also add a water feature for entertainment or create a cozy atmosphere for conversation with a fireplace or bonfire pit.


Don’t be afraid to get creative and have fun adding decorations – this is your space! Since you will be the one spending the most time in it, be sure to personalize it with things that you love. Adding all the little touches that bring you joy is what will make this truly feel like a backyard oasis. Start by choosing some of your favorite colors to incorporate, and your space can continue to evolve as you add your favorite things.

While trips and vacations are always nice, home is where we spend the majority of our time. It’s important to have an area at home that is always available to us for relaxation and recharging. Creating this kind of space doesn’t have to be difficult – especially when following the steps above.

Spa Tips for Winter

Spa Tips for Winter

Many say that winter is the best time to enjoy your spa. The warm water and steam rising from the spa can protect you from the crisp, winter air and allow you to enjoy the beauty that the season provides. Here are a few tips for using and maintaining your spa during the wintertime.

This is more than just a fashion statement! Your body will be warm inside the spa but the top of your head might be chilly. Put a hat on to ensure that every part of you stays warm while out in the winter conditions.

What is a winter spa without a warm beverage to sip on? Bring out a tray of goodies to keep nearby while you relax!

When you are not using your spa, be sure to cover it to keep the heat in and debris out! Check your cover for leaks and tears to make sure it stays in good condition.

Keeping the water at a consistent, warm temperature is more efficient and helps prevent pipes from freezing. It also makes your spa ready to use at a moment’s notice.

Evaporation happens even in cold temperatures and maintaining a high water level is necessary for the pumps to work correctly. We recommend you keep the water above the jets (except for “neck jets”) and below the pillows.

Road conditions could make it difficult for you to get out and buy chemicals during the winter. Keep some extra supplies on hand so there is no stress during the wintertime.

If you decide to drain your spa during freezing conditions, contact your local authorized dealer for assistance.

A spa provides the perfect opportunity to relax and unwind at home. Whether alone or with friends and family, your spa will be the perfect place to enjoy winter evenings.

Island Oasis LED Lighting

Island Oasis Kick Rail LED Lighting


Lighting takes your spa experience to a whole new level!

The stunning glow of LED lights will illuminate your spa and bring the “wow” factor to your backyard. Whether you choose to have the lights rotate through the colors of the rainbow or stay on one color, you will enjoy relaxing in the glow while your muscles are massaged by the jets. For many years, people have believed that colors can affect an individual’s emotions and even health. See for yourself if you feel calmer while sitting in the blue light or more optimistic in the yellow light. No matter what, you will enjoy seeing the Island Oasis Kick Rail LEDs light up the night!

Color Therapy

Color Therapy

Artesian Elite Color Therapy

COLOR THERAPY may not be talked about often, but there is something to be said about the way that certain colors make us feel. Like the peaceful feeling that comes over you as you look at the BLUE SKY, or the excitement you feel when a RED LIGHT turns GREEN.

For many years people have believed that color can affect an individual’s emotions and even health. Interior designers recommend you paint your bedroom walls blue to promote better sleep and hospital color schemes often include pale blues and greens to create a soothing and relaxing environment. Researchers at the University of Arizona even tested the use of green light therapy to help with migraines. Further research is being conducted, however, some of the first trial group members refused to give their green lights back because of the relief it had given them.

According to an article written on the website, “How Stuff Works,” color therapy is described as,



So you might be asking yourself, how does this relate to hot tubs?

Well, all Artesian Elite models are equipped with LED lighting. You can see for yourself, how relaxing in the glow of a color can change your perspective. Soak with the jets turned up as the spa glows green to boost feelings of tranquility and contentment. Wake up early to soak with the yellow lights turned on to start your day in a cheery mood. Switch them to purple when you are wanting to add more creativity to your routine or if you are struggling with feeling compassion. Or let all of the colors rotate through as you enjoy the sights and sounds of your Artesian Spa.

Common Color Associations

Color Wheel


To design your personalized spa experience